Intellectual and Formal Standards of Scientific Legal Research and Writing

Contribution to the course Methodology of Legal Research and Legal Writing from the perspective of European, in particular German legal education

03.12.20

Semester 1, 2020/21 (Intern. LL.M Program); Wednesday, 29.10., and Thursday, 05.11., 12.11. and 19.11.2020, 12:00 - 14:50, online via Zoom

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Course Contribution Description

At the Faculty of Law of Universitas Gadjah Mada the courses are shared by several lecturers. This website informs about the contents of my lectures in October and November 2020. They complement those of my colleagues Dr. Rikardo Simarmata and Gusti Agung Made Wardana from the perspective of European (in particular German) legal education.

My course contribution introduces to the demanding intellectual and formal standards of scientific legal research and writing, including the standards of intellectual authenticity, originality, accuracy, consistency, precision and thoroughness, the standards for the formal structure and composition of the academic work (including those for the bibliography and the index) and the scientific style of writing. A special emphasis is placed on the art of scientific quoting, which is important for international publications but not always well-developed in Indonesia. The course will also discuss why these standards are essential for sophisticated legal research and writing. The course will finally present strategies and practices which are helpful to meet these standards with a reasonable amount of work.

 Downloads (PDF files)  

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Contents

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Quick introduction (updated version)

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How to write a course paper (from the course Legal Writing)

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Intellectual standards of scientifc legal research and writing

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Formal standards of scientific legal research and writing

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Assignment

Contents (summary/details)

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§ 1  Quick introduction: Why do Indonesian publications not always meet the international standards in legal science?

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§ 2  Scientific legal research in a nutshell: How to write a course paper (basic rules)

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§ 3  Intellectual standards of scientific legal research and writing

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§ 4  Formal standards of scientific legal research and writing

Bibliography (selection for this course contribution in English)

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Note that there is plenty of guides and introductions to legal research and writing in German!

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Bahrych, Lynn; Merino, Jeanne; Mclellan, Beth: Legal Writing and Analysis in a Nutshell, 5th edition 2017

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Barros, Luiz Otávio:  The Only Academic Phrasebook You'll Ever Need: 600 Examples of Academic Language, 2016

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Bottomley, Jane: Academic Writing for International Students of Science, 2014

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Cameron, Catherine J.; Long, Lance N.: The Science Behind the Art of Legal Writing, 2nd edition 2019

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Davis, Martha; Davis, Kaaron Joann; Dunagan, Marion: Scientific Papers and Presentations: Navigating Scientific Communication in Today's World, 3rd edition 2012

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Eco, Umberto: How to write a thesis, 2015

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Gastel, Barbara; Day, Robert: How to Write and Publish a Scientific Paper, 8th Edition 2016

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Hofmann, Angelika: Scientific Writing and Communication. Papers, Proposals, and Presentations, 4th edition 2019

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(Nguyen) Bui, Yvonne: How to Write a Master's Thesis, 3rd edition 2019

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Mack, Chris A.: How to Write a Good Scientific Paper, 2018

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Joyner, Randy L.; Rouse, William A.; Glatthorn, Allan A.: Writing the Winning Thesis or Dissertation: A Step-by-Step Guide, 4th edition 2018

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Oliver, Paul: Writing your thesis, 3rd edition 2013

Links

A. Links concerning the general subject of the course

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Burns, Dermot (National University of Ireland, Galway), Writing a Scientific-Style Thesis. A Guide for Graduate Research Students, 2017

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University of Technology Sidney: UTS: Law Guide to Written Communication, last updated 2017

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Oxbridge Essays (editor), Dissertation Writing, last updated 2020 (practical guide, following British tradition)

B. Some examples of modern texts in scientific legal writing

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watch in particular ►the structuring, ►the way of scientific citing and the ►scientific style of writing; note the differences in the formal style of citing!

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published in Europe: Celia Challet, College of Europe Research Papers in Law 4/2020; Ingolf Pernice, WHI-Paper 01/2017; Carla Zoethout,  Ancilla Iuris 2017, p. 1 ff.; Ulf Linderfalk, Zeitschrift für ausländisches öffentliches Recht und Völkerrecht 78 (2018), p. 1 ff.; Thomas Schmitz, Juristenzeitung 56 (2001), p. 883 ff.; Thomas Schmitz, Juridiskā zinātne 12 (2019), p. 86 ff.

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published in Asia: Nguyen Van Quang, Cale Discussion Paper No. 3, 01.2020; Jörg Polakiewicz, Cale Discussion Paper No. 9, 10.2012; Poltak Partogi Nainggolan, Journal of Southeast Asian Human Rights 4, Issue 1 (2020), p. 23 ff.; Thomas Schmitz, ICONAS 2019 proceedings, 2019, p. 1 ff.

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published in Common Law countries: Lucas Brang, Global Constitutionalism 9 (2020), p. 117 ff.; George Duke, I•CON 17, No. 1 (2019), p. 66 ff.; Jan Petrow, Jean Monnet Working Paper 3/2018

C. Information on legal literature in the internet (concerning § 2 II and § 3 V)

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online catalogues of national libraries: Library of Congress (Washington D.C.), Bibliothèque nationale de France / National Library of France (Paris), Deutsche Nationalbibliothek / German National Library (Berlin, Frankfurt, Leipzig), British Library (London)

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online catalogues of research libraries with a focus on comparative and international law: Max Planck Institute for Comparative and International Private Law (Hamburg), Max Planck Institute for the Study of Crime, Security and Law (Freiburg), Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law (Heidelberg), Max Planck Institute for Social Law and Social Policy (Munich), Max Planck Institute for European Legal History (Frankfurt)

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metacatalogues: Karlsruhe Virtual Catalogue (KVK, Univ. of Karlsruhe), Library Hub Discover (Jisc)

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Specialised databases: GlobaLex (NYU, database on international, comparative and foreign Law), CommonLII (Commonwealth Legal Information Institute, database on law in common law countries), Electronic Research Guide (ERG, by ASIL, database on international law), Foreign and International Law Research Guide (Library of Congress)

D. Other links concerning special subjects

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concerning § 3 II: fight against plagiarism: Plagiarism.org; Purdue University Global, Plagiarism and Paraphrasing, updated 2020 (elaborated online guide with citation guides and guide on integrity expectations); Deutscher Hochschulverband; Allgemeiner Fakultätentag; Fakultätentag (Germany), Joint position paper: Good academic practice in the context of theses submitted for a degree, 09.07.2012; University of Hamburg, Faculty of Law, Guidelines for ensuring Compliance with the Rules of Academic Honesty, Avoidance of Plagiarism and the Requirements for the Evaluation Process within the Doctoral Degree Program at the University of Hamburg’s Faculty of Law, 2011 (see p. 42 ff.)

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concerning § 4: University of Bern, Formal Guidelines for Scientific Theses, 2014; Central European University, Budapest, Thesis Guidelines, 2007

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concerning § 4 V: NYU School of Law, Guide to Foreign and International Legal Citations, 2006 (on the style of legal citation in numerous countries; see in particular the information on the citing of books and periodicals)

 

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