Guest lecture: Pancasila as Pillar and Driving Force for Indonesia's Democracy and Religious Tolerance

Wolfgang Brehm, Legal Consultant at Research Center for Humanities and Culture of the Indonesian Institute for Sciences PMB-LIPI, Universitas Veteran and Universitas Negeri Jakarta (1998 – 2013)



Friday, 09.09.2022, 09:00 - 10:30 WIB, Fakultas Hukum UGM, room 3.1.1

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At the beginning of the academic year, the Faculty of Law organizes a lecture and discussion event on the subject of Pancasila. The guest speaker, German law expert Wolfgang Brehm, has worked in Indonesia in the early years of Era Reformasi as a legal consultant within the framework of Indonesian-German academic cooperation, focusing at that time on the then ongoing constitutional reform.

Encouraged by his Indonesian wife he has been married to for almost 50 years, Wolfgang Brehm has in recent years resumed this research on the genesis of Pancasila and the understanding of the cluster of the five basic principles of the Indonesian state. He has come to the conclusion that some popular reports disseminated in specialist books deviate from the historical facts in some significant points and that this risks to create avoidable obstacles to further progress and prosperity of Indonesia and its people. This applies in particular to the first Sila “Ketuhanan Yang Maha Esa”.

The first part of the lecture identifies and explains the aberrations concerning the constitutional debate of 1945. What was the true wording of the first Sila in the Piagam Jakarta? Was it really a formular of "seven words"? How do misconceptions affect the overall understanding of Pancasila as drafted in the Piagam Jakarta, and how does this still affect the constitutional debate today? The second part of the lecture discusses the way of implementing the Pancasila during the authoritarian rule of Demokrasi Terpimpin and Orde Baru and ends with the final return to democracy which has won Indonesia a stable inner order together with a respected place on the world stage.

The lecture will be held in Bahasa Indonesia. After the presentation, there will be ample opportunity for questions and answers and a lively discussion.

All participants are invited to join on-campus. A video record will later be published at Kanal Pengetahuan FH UGM.

Downloads (PDF files)  




Lecture materials (summary in English and Bahasa Indonesia)


Video record: at Kanal Pengetahuan FH UGM



Wolfgang Brehm,  The Origin of Religious Tolerance and the Application of Pancasila, Jurnal Indo-Islamika, 12 no. 1 (2022), p. 49 ff.;


Piagam Jakarta


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