Constitutionalism in Europe

Contribution to the course Constitutional Law from the perspective of comparison of laws

27.06.22

Semester 2, 2021/22 (IUP); Tuesday and Thursday, 22.03., 24.03., 12.04. and 14.04.2022, 09:00 - 10:40 (Class A) resp. 11:00 - 12:40 (Class B), online via Zoom

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Final note

After the end of the course this website has been finished. It will stay available for the purpose of deepening and repetition. Thank you for your interest and commitment. You are always welcome to contact me for any comments or questions. With best wishes for your future studies, yours Prof. Dr. Thomas Schmitz

Course Contribution Description

At the Faculty of Law of Universitas Gadjah Mada the courses are shared by several lecturers. This website informs about the contents of my lectures in April 2020. They complement those of my colleagues Dr. Andy Omara and Yance Arizona resp. Dr. Mahaarum Kusuma Pertiwi and Dr. Herlambang Perdana Wiratraman from the perspective of comparison of laws. Comparative studies of constitutional law are valuable for a better understanding of the own constitutional law, its particularities and the alternatives, its strong and weak points and the perspectives of its development. Constitutionalism in Europe is an interesting field of studies because European experiences, the important contributions of European scholars and the jurisprudence of European constitutional courts have has inspired the development of constitutionalism in the world.

Downloads (PDF files) 

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Contents

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Diagram 1  (The most important milestones in constitutional history)

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Diagram 2  (Introduction to the principle of the rule of law)

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Final exam observations

 

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Slides presented in the lectures (® aids for illustration)
- Slide 1  (
Introduction; concerning § 1)
- Slide 2  (Basics of constitutionalism; concerning § 2)
- Slide 3  (The European free and democratic constitutional state (1): fundamental constitutional decisions; concerning § 3)
- Slide 4  (The European free and democratic constitutional state (2): fundamental rights)
- Slide 5  (Constitutional jurisdiction; concerning § 5)

Contents (summary/details)

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§ 1  Introduction

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§ 2  Basics of constitutionalism

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§ 3  The European free and democratic constitutional state (1): fundamental constitutional decisions

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§ 4  The European free and democratic constitutional state (2): fundamental rights

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§ 5  Constitutional jurisdiction

Bibliography (selection for this course contribution)

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Bogdandy, Armin von; Huber, Peter; Ragone, Sabrina (editors): The Max Planck Handbooks in European Public Law, vol. II: Constitutional foundations, 2022 (coming in June 2022; for in-depth studies)

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Heun, Werner: The Constitution of Germany. A Contextual Analysis, 2011

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Robbers, Gerhard: Constitutional Law in Germany, 2017

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Bumke, Christian; Vosskuhle, Andreas: German Constitutional Law. Introduction, Cases, and Principles, 2019

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Kommers, Donale P.: German Constitutionalism: A Prolegomenon, German Law Journal 20 (2019), 534 ff

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Robbers, Gerhard: An Introduction to German Law, 7th edition 2019 (cf. p. 32 ff.)

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Zekoll, Joachim; Wagner, Gerhad (editors): Introduction to German Law, 3rd edition 2018 (cf. chapter 2)

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Boyron, Sophie: The Constitution of France. A Contextual Analysis, 2012

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Paris, Marie-Luce; Foulon, Julie; Pouillaude, Hugo-Bernard ; Sterck, Julien: Constitutional Law in France, 2019

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Zoller, Elisabeth: French Constitutionalism / Le constitutionalism français, in: Henri Capitant Law Review / Revue du droit Henri Capitant 2018, no. special

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Onida, Valerio; D'Amico, Marilisa a.o.: Constitutional Law in Italy, 3rd edition 2021

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Ruiz Robledo, Agustín: Constitutional Law in Spain, 2nd edition 2018

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Bovend'Eert, Paul; Kortmann, Constantijn: Constitutional Law in the Netherlands, 3rd edition 2018

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Popelier, Patricia; Lemmens, Koen: The Constitution of Belgium. A Contextual Analysis, 2015

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Rogowski, Ralf; Gawron, Thomas (editors): Constitutional Courts in Comparison: The US Supreme Court and the German Federal Constitutional Court, 2016

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Visser, Maartje de: Constitutional Review in Europe. A Comparative Analysis, 2014

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ECLR: European Constitutional Law Review, since 2005

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ERPL/REDP: European Review of Public Law / Revue Européene de Droit Public, since 1989

See also the comprehensive bibliography on comparative constitutional law from the course "Comparative Constitutional Law" (semester 1, 2020/21).

Links

A. Links concerning the general subject of the course contribution

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Constitutions: Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany of 1949, French Constitution of 1958, Italian Constitution of 1947, Spanish Constitution of 1978, Ukrainian Constitution of 1996 ; constitutions of other European states

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Constitutional courts: Federal Constitutional Court [Bundesverfassungsgericht] (Germany), Constitutional Council [Conseil Constitutionnel] (France), Constitutional Court [Corte Costituzionale] (Italy), Tribunal Constitucional (Spain), others

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Associations: SIPE (Societas Iuris Publici Europaei, association of European constitutionalists), EPLO (European Public Law Organisation)

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Research institutions: Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law (Heidelberg, with huge library on public law in the world), Institute for European Constitutional Law (Trier), Center for Constitutional Studies and Democratic Development (Bologna)

B. Links concerning special subjects

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concerning § 2 II:  Jan-Werner Müller; Kim Lane Scheppele, Constitutional patriotism: An introduction, I*CON 6 (2008), 67 ff.

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concerning § 2 IV: U.S. Supreme Court, Marbury v. Madison, 1803 (primacy of the constitution and constitutional review); Jutta Limbach, The Concept of the Supremacy of the Constitution, Modern Law Review 64 (2001), no. 1, p. 1 ff.; Christian Bumke; Andreas Voßkuhle, German Constitutional Law, 2019, no. 161 ff (on the interpretation of laws in conformity with the constitution)

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concerning § 2 VI: Instrument of Government (England 1653), Déclaration des droits de l'homme et du citoyen (France 1789; French/Engl.)

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concerning § 3 II: Council of Europe, Venice Commission (European Commission for Democracy through Law, expert commission of the Council of Europe); Thomas Schmitz, The fundamental values of the European Union (course material)

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concerning § 3 III: Venice Commission (editor), The principle of respect for human dignity, Doc. no. CDL-STD(1998)026, 1998

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concerning § 3 IV: See the links on the principle of democracy from the course Electoral Law

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concerning § 3 V: Thomas Schmitz, The rule of law - an often underestimated core principle of the modern constitutional state, guest lecture at UNDIP, Semarang, 18.03.2022; Venice Commission (editor), Rule of Law Checklist, 2016

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concerning § 4 III: art. 1(3) German Basic Law (fundamental rights as directly applicable law - today a standard of constitutionalism), Thomas Schmitz, On the terms "Human Rights", "Fundamental Rights" and "Constitutional Rights" (course material)

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concerning § 5: German Bundesverfassungsgericht [Federal Constitutional Court], French Conseil constitutionnel [Constitutional Council]

 

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