International Human Rights Law

Second part of the course

10.01.20

Semester 1, 2019/20 (IUP); from 23.10.; Wednesday, 16:30 - 17:45, and Friday, 07:15 - 08:30, room VII.2.2

Home ] [ Course Contribution Description ] Downloads ] [ Contents ] [ Bibliography ] [ Links ]

Final note

In December 2019, after the end of the lectures and the final exam, this website has been finished. It will stay available for the purpose of deepening and repetition. All students are welcome to consult me in my office (A.IV.11) to discuss the strong and weak points of their exam paper. Thank you for your interest and commitment. Best wishes for your future studies, yours Prof. Dr. Thomas Schmitz

Course Contribution Description

At the Faculty of Law of Universitas Gadjah Mada the courses are shared by several lecturers. This table informs about my lectures in the second part of the course (from 23.10. to 22.11.). They will be followed by lectures of a colleague about Indonesia and its compliance with international human rights law, while the first part of the course dealt with the European Convention.

Downloads (PDF files)  

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Contents

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Bibliography

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Abbreviations

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On the terms "human rights", "fundamental rights" and "constitutional rights"

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Special material  (Overview over the norms to bear in mind as a public servant)

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Diagram 1  (Sources of law for the protection of human rights)

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Diagram 2  (Geo-regional human rights protection mechanisms)

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Questions and answers for the final examination

 
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Transparency films presented in the lectures (® just aids for illustration)
- Slide 1  (The Multi-level protection of human rights and the parallelism of human and fundamental rights regimes; concerning § 1)
- Slide 2  (Human and fundamental rights as binding law; concerning § 2)
- Slide 3  (Global human rights law; concerning § 3)
- Slide 4  (Geo-regional human rights law; concerning § 4)

Contents (summary/details)

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§ 1  National and international human rights law

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§ 2  Human and fundamental rights as binding law

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§ 3  Global human rights law

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§ 4  Geo-regional human rights law

Bibliography (selection in English for this course contribution/for the whole course)

[A. Textbooks] [B. Commentaries] [C. Works of reference, encyclopaedias and handbooks] [D. Law reports and casebooks] [E. Compendiums of laws] [FJournals]

A. Textbooks

I. Textbooks on global human rights law

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Bantekas, Ilias; Oette, Lutz: International Human Rights Law and Practice, 2nd edition 2016

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Benedek, Wolfgang (editor): Understanding Human Rights, 2012, p. 48 ff.

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Buergenthal, Thomas; Shelton, Dinah; Stewart, David; Vazquez, Carlos:  International Human Rights in a Nutshell, 5th edition 2017

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Davis, Howard: Human Rights Law, 4th edition 2016

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Kälin, Walter; Künzli, Jörg: The Law of International Human Rights Protection, 2nd edition 2019

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Moeckli, Daniel; Shah, Sangeeta; Sivakumaran, Sandesh; Harris, David (editors): International Human Rights Law, 3rd edition 2018

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Shelton, Dinah:  Advanced Introduction to International Human Rights Law, 2014

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Schutter, Olivier de: International Human Rights Law. Cases, Materials and Commentary, 3rd edition 2019

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Smith, Rhona K. M.: Textbook on International Human Rights, 8th edition 2018

II. Textbooks on geo-regional human rights law

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Antkowiak, Thomas; Gonza, Alejandra: The American Convention on Human Rights. Essential Rights, 2017

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Medina, Cecilia: The Inter-American Convention on Human Rights, 2nd edition 2016

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Viljoe, Frans: International Human Rights Law in Africa, 2nd edition 2012

B. Commentaries (article-by-article presentation)

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Alen, A.; Vande Lanotte, J. and others (editors): Commentary on the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, 2006 ff. [the commentaries on the individual articles of the Convention are published in separate volumes]

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Alfredsson, Gudmundur; Eide, Asbjorn (editors): The Universal Declaration of Human Rights. A Common Standard of Achievement, 2nd edition 2013

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Bantekas, Ilias; Stein, Michael Ashley; Anastasiou, Dimitris (editors): The UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, 2018

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Burgorgue-Larsen, Laurence; Torres, Amaya A. Ubeda de: The Inter-American Court of Human Rights. Case-Law and Commentary, 2011

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Freeman, Marsha A.; Chinkin, Christine; Rudolf, Beate (editors): The UN Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women. A Commentary, 2012

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Joseph, Sarah; Castan, Melissa: The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. Cases, Materials and Commentary, 3rd edition 2013

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Murray, Rachel : The African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights. A Commentary, 2019

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Nowak, Manfred; Birk, Moritz; Monina, Giuliana (editors): The United Nations Convention Against Torture. A Commentary, 2019 [coming soon]

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Peers, Steve; Hervey, Tamara; Kenner, Jeff; Ward, Angela (editors): The EU Charter of Fundamental Rights. A Commentary, 2014

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Saul, Ben; Kinley, David; Mowbray, Jaqueline: The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. Commentary, Cases, and Materials, 2014

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Simma, Bruno; Khan, Daniel-Erasmus; Nolte, Georg; Paulus, Andreas (editors): The Charter of the United Nations. A Commentary, 3rd edition 2013

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Tobin, John (editor): The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. A Commentary, 2019

C. Works of reference, encyclopaedias and handbooks (for legal practitioners and scientific research)

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Kälin, Walter; Schnegg, Brigitte: Women's Human Rights' App (W'sHR App), last updated 2018 [Android app, free dowonload in the Google Play Store]

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Sheeran, Scott; Rodley, Nigel (editors): Routledge Handbook of International Human Rights Law, 2013

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Shelton, Dinah (editor): The Oxford Handbook of International Human Rights Law, 2013

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Vandenhole, Wouter; Desmet, Ellen; Reynaert, Didier; Lembrechts, Sara (editors): Routledge International Handbook of Children’s Rights, 2017

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Vega, Connie de la: Dictionary of International Human Rights Law, 2013

D. Law reports and casebooks

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Attoh, Nonso (editor): Reported Cases of the African Court on Human and Peoples' Rights [2009-2012], 2017

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Conte, Alex; Burchill, Richard: Defining Civil and Political Rights. The Jurisprudence of the United Nations Human Rights Committee, 2nd edition 2009 (note, however, that the Human Rights Committee is not a court and therefore its views do not represent jurisprudence)

E. Compendiums of laws (easy access to treaties and legislation)

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Bisset, Alison (editor): Blackstone's International Human Rights Documents, 11th edition 2018

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Khaliq, Urfan (editor): International Human Rights Law Documents, 2018

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Office of the UNHCHR (editor): Core International Instruments (human rights treaties); see also Universal Human Rights Instruments (treaties and soft law)

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University of Minnesota (editor): Human Rights Library. Human Rights Treaties and Other Instruments

F. Journals in the field of international human rights law (in English)

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AHRLJ African Human Rights Law Journal, since 2000

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APJHRL Asia-Pacific Journal on Human Rights and the Law, since 2000

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EHRLR European Human Rights Law Review, since 1979

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HHRJ Harvard Human Rights Journal, since 1988

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HRLJ Human Rights Law Journal, since 1980

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HRLR Human Rights Law Review, since 2001

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HRQ Human Rights Quarterly, since 1979

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HRR Human Rights Review, since 1999

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IHRLR International Human Rights Law Review, since 2012

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IJHR The International Journal of Human Rights, since 1997

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JSEAHR Journal of Southeast Asian Human Rights, since 2017 [published in Indonesia]

Links on international human rights law

A. Global human rights treaties

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International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) of 1966 with Optional Protocol of 1966 (on individual complaints, not ratified by Indonesia) and Second Optional Protocol aiming at the abolition of the death penalty of 1989 (not ratified by Indonesia)

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International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) of 1966 with Optional Protocol of 2008 (on individual complaints, not ratified by Indonesia)

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Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CAT) of 1984 with Optional Protocol of 2002 (on torture prevention, not ratified by Indonesia)

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International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (ICERD) of 1966

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Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) of 1979 with Optional Protocol of 1999 (on individual complaints and inquiries, not ratified by Indonesia)

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Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) of 1989 with Optional Protocol on the involvement of children in armed conflict of 2000, Optional Protocol on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography of 2000 and Optional Protocol on a communications procedure of 2011 (not ratified by Indonesia); see also the Convention Concerning the Prohibition and Immediate Action for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labor of 1999

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Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) of 2006 with Optional Protocol of 2006 (on individual complaints, not ratified by Indonesia)

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International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families (ICRMW) of 1990

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not ratified by Indonesia: Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide of 1948, Convention relating to the Status of Refugees [Geneva Refugee Convention] of 1951, International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance (CPED) of 2006

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not a source of law but politically important: Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) of 1948 (available in 520 languages, including English, Indonesian, Balinese and Bugisnese)

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compendiums of global human rights treaties: Core human rights instruments (UNHCHR) and other universal human rights instruments (UNHCHR), Human Rights Library (University of Minnesota)

B. Geo-regional human rights treaties

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European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) of 1950 and 16 protocols

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Other European human rights treaties: overview (Council of Europe), European Social Charta (revised version of 1996/original version of 1961) and protocols, European Convention for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (ECPT) of 1987, European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages (ECRML) of 1992, Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minotiries of 1995, Convention on Human Rights and Biomedicine of 1997, Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings of 2005, Council of Europe Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence of 2011; not a human rights treaty but the specific fundamental rights regime of the EU: the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union  (revised version of 2007)

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American Convention on Human Rights [ACHR] of 1969 with Additional Protocol of 1988 (on social, economic and cultural rights)

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Other American human rights treaties: overview (IACHR), Inter-American Convention to Prevent and Punish Torture of 1985, Inter-American Convention on Forced Disappearance of Persons of 1994, Inter-American Convention on the Prevention, Punishment and Eradication of Violence Against Women of 1994, Inter-American Convention against Racism, Racial Discrimination and Related Forms of Intolerance of 2013, Inter-American Convention on Protecting the Human Rights of Older Persons of 2015

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African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights (Banjul Charter) of 1981 with Protocol of 1998 (on the Establishment of the African Court on Human and Peoples' Rights), Protocol of 2003 (on the rights of women in Africa) and Protocol of 2016 on the Rights of Older Persons

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Other African human rights treaties: overview (ACHPR), OAU-Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Rights in Africa of 1969, African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child of 1990, African Charter on Democracy, Elections and Governance of 2011

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Arab Charter on Human Rights of 2004 (see also criticism by UNHCHR: does not meet international standards), Statute of the Arab Court of Human Rights of 2014 (not in force; see also criticism)

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not a source of law but potentially politically important: ASEAN Human Rights Declaration (AHRD) (html/pdf) of 2012 (see also criticism by UNHCHR)

C. International human rights courts and instinstitutions

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Human rights courts: European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) in Strasbourg, Inter-American Court of Human Rights (IACHR) in San José, African Court of Human and Peoples' Rights (ACHPR) in Arusha; see also the website of the International Criminal Court (ICC) in The Hague

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Global human rights institutions: United Nations (with special website on human rights), United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC), United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR);  treaty-based bodies: ICCPR: Human Rights Committee (HRC), ICESCR: Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR), CAT: Committee against Torture (CAT), OPCAT: Sub_committee on Prevention of Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (SPT), CPED: Committee on Enforced Disappearances (CED), ICERD: Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD), CEDAW: Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), CRC: Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC), CRPD: Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD), ICRMW: Committee on Migrant Workers (CMW)

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European human rights institutions: Council of Europe (see in particular the special sites on human rights and the site of the Commissioner for Human Rights), Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE); treaty-based bodies: European Committee of Social Rights (ECSR); European Committee for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CPT)

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American human rights institutions: Inter-American Commission of Human Rights (IACHR) with rapporteurships on special fields; see also Organisation of American States (OAS)

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African human rights institutions: African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights (ACHPR); treaty-based body: African Committee of Experts on the Rights and Welfare of the Child (ACERWC),

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not a human rights institution but just a consultative commission: ASEAN Intergovernmental Commission on Human Rights (AICHR); see the proposal of the Working Group for an ASEAN Human Rights Mechanism to establish a ASEAN human rights commission

D. Other links on international human rights law

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Expert websites: Office of the UNHCHR (with detailed information), Humman Rights Library (Univ. of Minnesota, with comprehensive links to other human rights resources)

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Scientific institutes: Human Rights Resource Center (UI, Jakarta), Asia-Pacific Human Rights Information Centre (Osaka); see also the list of the Association of Human Rights Institutes (AHRI)

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General teaching materials: Office of the UNHCHR, Teaching and Education Materials/Handbook for UN Staff, ETC Graz, Manual Understanding Human Rights, 3rd edition 2012 (with an introduction to the system of human rights and articles on individual groups of rights), United Nations, Human Rights (introduction), Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Human Rights; Office of the UNHCHR, An Overview of Regional Human Rights Systems, Universal Rights Group, A Rough Guide to the Regional Human Rights Systems

E. Links concerning special subjects

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concerning § 2 IV: Christian Starck, State duties of protection and fundamental rights, PER/PELJ 3 (2000) no. 1, 21

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concerning § 2 V: Luka Anđelković, The elements of Proportionality as a Principle of Human Rights Limitations, Law and Politics 15 (2017), no. 3, 235

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concerning § 3 I: UN Office on Genocide Prevention and the Responsibility to Protect, Responsibility to Protect; Francesco Fancioni; Christine Bakker, Responsibility to Protect, Humanitarian Intervention and Human Rights: Lessons from Libya to Mali, Transworld Working Paper 15 (2013)

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concerning § 3 II: Information about the UN Human Rights Council, GA Resolution 60/251; Michael Jaensch, Institutions for the Protection of Human and Fundamental Rights (course material), 2013

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concerning § 3 IV: Universal Periodic Review (UNHRC); UPR Info (NGO); UPR report on Indonesia with addendum of the 3rd cycle (2017)

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concerning § 4 II: Thematic rapporteurships and Petition and Case System of the Inter-American Commission of Human Rights; IJRC, Inter-American Human Rights System (short introduction)

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concerning § 4 III: Pretoria University Law Press, A Guide to the African Human Rights System, 2016

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concerning § 4 IV: Anis Sadri, The Arab human rights system: achievements and challenges, International Journal of Human Rights 23 (2019), 1166

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concerning § 4 V: Hien Bui, The ASEAN Human Rights System. A Critical Analyisis, Asian Journal of Comparative Law 11 (2016); Catherine Shanahan Renshaw, The ASEAN Human Rights Declaration – Cause for Celebration?, 2013

 

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