Law and Human Rights

First part of the course

26.10.21

Universitas Diponegoro (IUP), Semester 1, 2021/22; Friday, 27.08. - 08.10.2021, 08:15 - 09:55, online via Zoom

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Course Contribution Description

This website informs about my lectures in the first part of the course Law and Human Rights (from 27.08. to 08.10.) in the International Undergraduate Program of Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang. They will be followed by the lectures of my colleague Dr. Adya Paramita Prabandari in the second part of the course.

Downloads (PDF files)  

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Contents

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Bibliography

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Abbreviations

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On the terms "human rights", "fundamental rights" and "constitutional rights"

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Special material 1  (Overview over the norms to bear in mind as a public servant) (from another course)

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Diagram 1  (Sources of law for the protection of human rights)

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Mid-term exam observations

 
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Transparency films presented in the lectures (® just aids for illustration)
- Slide 1  (Introduction; concerning § 1)
- Slide 2  (International human rights law; concerning § 2)

- Slide 3  (Introduction to comparative fundamental law; concerning § 3)

Contents (summary/details)

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§ 1  Introduction
        I. Historical foundations of human rights
        II. Universality or cultural determination of human rights?
        III. Human rights and fundamental rights
        IV. The parallelism of national and international human and fundamental rights regimes

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§ 2  International Human Rights Law
       I. The role of the United Nations to promote and encourage the respect for human rights
        II. Global human rights treaties
        III. Mechanisms to control the compliance with global human rights law
        IV. Geo-regional human rights law (overivew)

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§ 3  Introduction to comparative fundamental rights law
        I. The anchoring of human rights as fundamental rights in the national constitution
        II. Comparative (human and) fundamental rights doctrine
        III. The enforcement of fundamental rights by the courts and constitutional courts

Bibliography (selection for advanced studies in English for this part of the course)

[A. Textbooks] [ B. Publications on comparative/national fund. rights law ] [C. Commentaries] [D. Works of reference, encyclopaedias and handbooks] [E. Law reports and casebooks] [F. Compendiums of laws] [G. Journals]

A. Textbooks

I. Textbooks on global human rights law

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Buergenthal, Thomas; Shelton, Dinah; Stewart, David; Vazquez, Carlos:  International Human Rights in a Nutshell, 5th edition 2017

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Donelly, Jack; Whelan, Daniel J.: International Human Rights, 6th edition 2020

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Kälin, Walter; Künzli, Jörg: The Law of International Human Rights Protection, 2nd edition 2019

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Moeckli, Daniel; Shah, Sangeeta; Sivakumaran, Sandesh; Harris, David (editors): International Human Rights Law, 3rd edition 2018

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Shelton, Dinah:  Advanced Introduction to International Human Rights Law, 2nd edition 2020

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Schutter, Olivier de: International Human Rights Law. Cases, Materials and Commentary, 3rd edition 2019

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Smith, Rhona K. M.: International Human Rights Law, 9th edition 2020

II. Textbooks on geo-regional human rights law

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Antkowiak, Thomas; Gonza, Alejandra: The American Convention on Human Rights. Essential Rights, 2017

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Bond, Martyn:  An Introduction to the European Convention, 2018

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Gerard, Janneke: General Principles of the European Convention on Human Rights, 2019

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Rainey, Bernadette; McCormick, Pamela; Ovey, Clare: Jacobs, White, and Ovey: The European Convention on Human Rights, 8th edition 2021

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Viljoe, Frans: International Human Rights Law in Africa, 2nd edition 2012

B. Publications with parts on comparative fundamental rights law or on national fundamental rights law in English  (for understanding modern standards of f.r. doctrine)

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Arnold, Rainer (editor): The Convergence of the Fundamental Rights Protection in Europe, 2016

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Dixon, Rosalind; Ginsburg, Tom (editors): Comparative Constitutional Law, 2011

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Dixon, Rosalind; Ginsburg, Tom (editors): Comparative Constitutional Law in Asia, 2014

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Grimm, Dieter: Constitutionalism. Past, Present and Future, 2018. Part IV

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Heun, Werner: The Constitution of Germany. A Contextual Analysis, 2011, chapter 8

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Onida, Valerio: Constitutional Law in Italy, 2nd edition 2019, part IV

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Robbers, Gerhard: Constitutional Law in Germany, 2017, chapter II

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Ruiz Robledo, Agustín: Constitutional Law in Spain, 2nd edition 2018, part IV

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Zekoll, Joachim; Wagner, Gerhad (editors): Introduction to German Law, 3rd edition 2018, chapter 2, § 2.06

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Tushnet, Mark: The Constitution of the United States of America. A Contextual Analysis, 2nd edition 2015. chapter 5

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Yeh, Jiunn-rong: The Constitution of Taiwan. A Contextual Analysis, 2015, chapter 7

C. Commentaries (article-by-article presentation)

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Alfredsson, Gudmundur; Eide, Asbjorn (editors): The Universal Declaration of Human Rights. A Common Standard of Achievement, 2nd edition 2013

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Bantekas, Ilias; Stein, Michael Ashley; Anastasiou, Dimitris (editors): The UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, 2018

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Freeman, Marsha A.; Chinkin, Christine; Rudolf, Beate (editors): The UN Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women. A Commentary, 2012

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Grabenwarter, Christoph: European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. Commentary, 2014

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Hennebel, Ludovic; Tigroudja, Hélène: The American Convention on Human Rights. A Critical Commentary, 2021 [coming soon]

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Joseph, Sarah; Castan, Melissa: The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. Cases, Materials and Commentary, 3rd edition 2013

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Murray, Rachel : The African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights. A Commentary, 2019

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Nowak, Manfred; Birk, Moritz; Monina, Giuliana (editors): The United Nations Convention Against Torture. A Commentary, 2019 [coming soon]

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Saul, Ben; Kinley, David; Mowbray, Jaqueline: The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. Commentary, Cases, and Materials, 2014

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Schabas, William: The European Convetion on Human Rights. A Commentary, 2017

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Taylor, Paul M.: A Commentary on the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. The UN Human Rights Committee's Monitoring of ICCPR Rights, 2020

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Tobin, John (editor): The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. A Commentary, 2019

D. Works of reference, encyclopaedias and handbooks (for legal practitioners and scientific research)

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Ferrari, Silvio; Hill, Mark C.C.; Jamal, Arif A.; Bottoni, Rossella (editors): Routledge Handbook of Freedom of Religion or Belief, 2020

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Kälin, Walter; Schnegg, Brigitte: Women's Human Rights' App (W'sHR App), last updated 2021 [Android app, free dowonload in the Google Play Store]

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Rosenfeld, Michael; Sajó, András (editors): The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Constitutional Law, 2012 (cf. parts VII, VIII)

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Sheeran, Scott; Rodley, Nigel (editors): Routledge Handbook of International Human Rights Law, 2013

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Shelton, Dinah (editor): The Oxford Handbook of International Human Rights Law, 2013

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Tushnet, Mark; Fleiner, Thomas; Saunders, Cheryl (editors): Routledge Handbook of Constitutional Law, 2015 (cf. part III)

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Vandenhole, Wouter; Desmet, Ellen; Reynaert, Didier; Lembrechts, Sara (editors): Routledge International Handbook of Children’s Rights Studies, 2017

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Vega, Connie de la: Dictionary of International Human Rights Law, 2013

See also in German language: Detlef Merten; Hans-Jürgen Papier et al. (editors): Handbuch der Grundrechte in Deutschland und Europa [Handbook of Fundamental Rights in Germany and Europe], vol. I - X, 2004 - 2018.

E. Law reports and casebooks

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Attoh, Nonso (editor): Reported Cases of the African Court on Human and Peoples' Rights (RCACtHPR) [different parts with cases from 2009 - 2015], 2017

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Bröhmer, Jürgen; Elsner, Gisela; Hill, Clauspeter; Spitzkatz, Marc (editors): 70 Years German Basic Law: The German Constitution and its Court, 3rd edition 2019 (English translations of landmark decisions on fundamental rights)

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Bumke, Christian; Vosskuhle, Andreas: German Constitutional Law. Introduction, Cases, and Principles, 2019

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Conte, Alex; Burchill, Richard: Defining Civil and Political Rights. The Jurisprudence of the United Nations Human Rights Committee, 2nd edition 2009 (note, however, that the Human Rights Committee is not a court and therefore its views do not represent jurisprudence)

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European Court of Human Rights (editor): Overview of the Case-Law of the European Court of Human Rights, 2009 ff. (annual overview)

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Maringele, Sarah: European Human Rights Law. The work of the European Court of Human Rights illustrated by an assortment of selected cases, 2014

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Urofsky, Melvin I.: Supreme Decisions. Great Constitutional Cases and Their Impact, vol. 1 and 2, 2012 (landmark decisions on U.S. constit. law)

F. Compendiums of laws (easy access to treaties and legislation)

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Bisset, Alison (editor): Blackstone's International Human Rights Documents, 12th edition 2020

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Khaliq, Urfan (editor): International Human Rights Law Documents, 2018

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Office of the UNHCHR (editor): Core International Instruments (human rights treaties); see also Universal Human Rights Instruments (treaties and soft law)

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University of Minnesota (editor): Human Rights Library. Human Rights Treaties and Other Instruments

G. Journals (in English)

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AHRLJ African Human Rights Law Journal, since 2000

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APJHRL Asia-Pacific Journal on Human Rights and the Law, since 2000

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EHRLR European Human Rights Law Review, since 1979

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HHRJ Harvard Human Rights Journal, since 1988

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HRLJ Human Rights Law Journal, since 1980

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HRLR Human Rights Law Review, since 2001

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HRQ Human Rights Quarterly, since 1979

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HRR Human Rights Review, since 1999

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IHRLR International Human Rights Law Review, since 2012

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IJHR The International Journal of Human Rights, since 1997

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JSEAHR Journal of Southeast Asian Human Rights, since 2017 [published in Indonesia]

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for journals on comparative fundamental rights law see the journals in the field of comparative constitutional law

Links

A. Global human rights treaties ratified by Indonesia

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note that Indonesia so far has only ratified the treaties but not the optional protocols on effective enforcement mechanisms

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International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) of 1966 with Optional Protocol of 1966 (on individual complaints, not ratified by Indonesia) and Second Optional Protocol aiming at the abolition of the death penalty of 1989 (not ratified by Indonesia)

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International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) of 1966 with Optional Protocol of 2008 (on individual complaints, not ratified by Indonesia)

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Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CAT) of 1984 with Optional Protocol of 2002 (on torture prevention, not ratified by Indonesia)

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International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (ICERD) of 1965

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Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) of 1979 with Optional Protocol of 1999 (on individual complaints and inquiries, not ratified by Indonesia)

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Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) of 1989 with Optional Protocol on the involvement of children in armed conflict of 2000, Optional Protocol on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography of 2000 and Optional Protocol on a communications procedure of 2011 (not ratified by Indonesia); see also the Convention Concerning the Prohibition and Immediate Action for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labor of 1999

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Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) of 2006 with Optional Protocol of 2006 (on individual complaints, not ratified by Indonesia)

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International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families (ICRMW) of 1990

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not a source of law but politically important: Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) of 1948 (available also in Indonesian and Javanese)

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compendiums: Core human rights instruments (UNHCHR), other universal human rights instruments (UNHCHR), Human Rights Library (University of Minnesota)

B. Geo-regional human rights treaties

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European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) of 1950 and 16 protocols, European Social Charta (revised version of 1996/original version of 1961), others (Council of Europe); not a treaty but the specific fundamental rights regime of the EU: Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union

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American Convention on Human Rights (ACHR) of 1969 with Additional Protocol of 1988 (on social, economic and cultural rights) and Protocol of 1990 (to abolish the Death Penalty), others (IACHR)

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African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights (Banjul Charter) of 1981 with Protocol of 1998 (on the Establishment of the African Court on Human and Peoples' Rights), Protocol of 2003 (on the rights of women in Africa) and Protocol of 2016 on the Rights of Older Persons, others (ACHPR

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Arab Charter on Human Rights of 2004 (see also criticism by UNHCHR: does not meet international standards)

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only a political document: ASEAN Human Rights Declaration (AHRD) (html/pdf) of 2012 (see also criticism by UNHCHR)

C. International human rights courts and instinstitutions

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Human rights courts: European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) in Strasbourg, Inter-American Court of Human Rights (IACHR) in San José, African Court of Human and Peoples' Rights (ACHPR) in Arusha; see also the website of the International Criminal Court (ICC) in The Hague

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Global human rights institutions: United Nations (special website on h.r.), United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC), United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR);  treaty-based bodies: ICCPR: Human Rights Committee (HRC), ICESCR: Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR), CAT: Committee against Torture (CAT), ICERD: Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD), CEDAW: Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), CRC: Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC), CRPD: Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD), ICRMW: Committee on Migrant Workers (CMW)

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Geo-regional human rights institutions: Council of Europe (special website on h.r.), with own Commissioner for Human Rights, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), Inter-American Commission of Human Rights (IACHR), African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights (ACHPR)

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only a consultative commission: ASEAN Intergovernmental Commission on Human Rights (AICHR)

D. Other links on international human rights law

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Expert websites: Office of the UNHCHR (with detailed information), Humman Rights Library (Univ. of Minnesota, with comprehensive links to other human rights resources), Human Rights in ASEAN (CSO platform)

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Research institutions: Human Rights Resource Center (UI, Jakarta), Asia-Pacific Human Rights Information Centre (Osaka), see also the Association of Human Rights Institutes (AHRI)

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General teaching materials: Stephen P. Marks, Human Rights. A Brief Introduction, Harvard University 2017; Georgetown Law Library, Human Rights Law Research Guide; Office of the UNHCHR, Teaching and Education Materials/Handbook for UN Staff; Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Human Rights; Universal Rights Group, A Rough Guide to the Regional Human Rights Systems

E. Links on comparative fundamental rights law

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Constitutions: Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia of 1945 (in English/Indonesian), Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany of 1949, American Constitution of 1787, French Constitution of 1958 (with Declar. 1789), other constitutions (Constitute/ICL)

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Constitutional courts: Mahkama Konstitusi (Indonesia), Bundesverfassungsgericht (Germany), Conseil Constitutionnel (France), others

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Research institutions: Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law (Heidelberg, with huge library on public law in the world)

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Expert websites: Venice Commission (of the Council of Europe), opinions, studies and guidelines on fundamental rights

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see also the links for the course Comparative Constitutional Law (UGM, Semester 1, 2021/22)

F.  Links concerning special subjects

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concerning § 1: Topical: Indonesia and human rights: President criticised for granting terrorist militia leader a national medal of honour (Jakarta Post, 14.08.2021); German bureaucracy and human rights: criticism after evacuation flight leaves Kabul aiport with 7 passengers only, leaving hundreds of desperate Afghan refugees behind, while U.S. plane starts with more than 600 people on board (Euronews, NBC News and Reuters, 16. and 17.08.2021)

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concerning § 1 I: Jenny S. Martinez, The Slave Trade and the Origins of International Human Rights Law, 2011

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concerning § 1 II: Istvàn Lakatos, Thoughts on Universalism versus Cultural Relativism, with Special Attention to Women’s Rights, Pécs Journal of International and European Law - 2018/I; Rita Raposo Telo Major, Must universality of human rights give in to cultural pluralism?, Maastricht University Blog 15.02.2019; Mouez Khalfaoui, Islam, human rights and universality, Universal Rights Group Blog 28.04.2015

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concerning § 2 I: UN Office on Genocide Prevention and the Responsibility to Protect, Responsibility to Protect; Francesco Fancioni; Christine Bakker, Responsibility to Protect, Humanitarian Intervention and Human Rights: Lessons from Libya to Mali, Transworld Working Paper 15 (2013); Information about the UN Human Rights Council, GA Resolution 60/251; Michael Jaensch, Institutions for the Protection of Human and Fundamental Rights (course material), 2013

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concerning § 2 II: Office of the UNCHCR, The United Nations Human Rights Treaty System, Fact Sheet No. 30/Rev.1, 2012

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concerning § 2 II: Topical: Afghanistan 2021: Taliban whip women protesters (video report from Deutsche Welle 09.09.2021); Afghanistan has ratified CEDAW in 2003

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concerning § 2 III: Universal Periodic Review (UNHRC); UPR Info (NGO); UPR report on Indonesia with addendum of the 3rd cycle (2017)

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concerning § 2 IV.1: Court in brief (ECtHR), Film on the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR), ECHR in 50 questions (ECtHR)

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concerning § 2 IV.2: IJRC, Inter-American Human Rights System (short introduction)

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concerning § 2 IV.3: Pretoria University Law Press, A Guide to the African Human Rights System, 2016; Nicole de Silva, A Court in Crisis: African States’ Increasing Resistance to Africa’s Human Rights Court, in: Opinio Juris, 19.05.2020

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concerning § 2 IV.4: Anis Sadri, The Arab human rights system: achievements and challenges, International Journal of Human Rights 23 (2019), 1166

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concerning § 2 IV.5: Hien Bui, The ASEAN Human Rights System. A Critical Analyisis, Asian Journal of Comparative Law 11 (2016); Catherine Shanahan Renshaw, The ASEAN Human Rights Declaration – Cause for Celebration?, 2013

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concerning § 3 II: Luka Anđelković, The elements of Proportionality as a Principle of Human Rights Limitations, Law and Politics 15 (2017), no. 3, 235

 

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